Maybe mental animism ii - With Great Power Comes Great Insanity - TV Tropes


Whilst having similarities to totemism , animism differs in that it, according to the anthropologist Tim Ingold , focuses on individual spirit beings which help to perpetuate life, whilst totemism more typically holds that there is a primary source, such as the land itself, or the ancestors, who provide the basis to life. Certain indigenous religious groups, such as that of the Australian Aborigines are more typically totemic, whilst others, like the Inuit are more typically animistic in their worldview. [ 5 ]

Epistemology is concerned with delineating the boundary between justified belief and opinion , [4] and involved generally with a theoretical philosophical study of knowledge . The primary problem in epistemology is to understand exactly what is needed in order for us to have knowledge. In a notion derived from Plato 's dialogue Theaetetus , where the epistemology of Socrates (Platon) most clearly departs from that of the sophists , who at the time of Plato seem to have defined knowledge as what is here expressed as " justified true belief ". The tendency to translate from belief (here: doxa - common opinion) to knowledge (here: episteme), which Plato (. Socrates of the dialogue) utterly dismisses, results from failing to distinguish a dispositive belief (gr. 'doxa', not 'pistis') from knowledge (episteme) when the opinion is regarded true (here: orthé), in terms of right, and juristically so (according to the premises of the dialogue), which was the task of the rhetors to prove. Plato dismisses this possibility of an affirmative relation between belief (. opinion) and knowledge even when the one who opines grounds his belief on the rule, and is able to add justification (gr. logos: reasonable and necessarily plausible assertions/evidence/guidance) to it [2] . [5] It is important to keep in mind that the sort of belief in the context of Theaetetus is not derived from the theological concept of belief, which is pistis , but doxa , which in theological terms refers to acceptance in the form of praise and glory. [ citation needed ]


Maybe Mental Animism II

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